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BROAD SPECTRUM ANTIBIOTICS

BROAD SPECTRUM ANTIBIOTICS

INTRODUCTION:

A chemical substance produced by a microorganism, which has the capacity to inhibit the growth of or to kill other microorganisms is called as an antibiotic.

An antibiotic that is effective against a wide range of infectious microorganisms which includes both gram positive and gram negative bacteria is called as a Broad spectrum antibiotic.

USES OF BROAD SPECTRUM ANTIBIOTICS:

Broad-spectrum antibiotics are properly used in the following medical situations:
  • Empirically prior to identifying the causative bacteria when there is a wide differential and potentially serious illness would result in delay of treatment. This occurs, for example, in meningitis, where the patient can become so ill that he/she could die within hours if broad-spectrum antibiotics are not initiated.
  • For drug resistant bacteria that do not respond to other, more narrow spectrum antibiotics.
  • In super-infections where there are multiple types of bacteria causing illness, thus warranting either a broad-spectrum antibiotic or combination antibiotic therapy.
ADVANTAGES OF BROAD SPECTRUM ANTIBIOTICS:
  • Broader Spectra of Activity
  • A clear advantage to the use of broad-spectrum antibiotics is that there is less of a need (as compared with narrow-spectrum antibiotics) to identify the infecting pathogen with real certainty before commencing treatment.
DISADVANTAGES OF BROAD SPECTRUM ANTIBIOTICS:
  • Children who receive broad-spectrum antibiotics during their first year of life are at increased risk of developing childhood asthma.
  • Broad Spectrum antibiotics may give rise to drug resistance.
BROAD SPECTRUM ANTIBIOTICS:
  • Amoxicillin
  • Levofloxacin
  • Gatifloxacillin
  • Streptomycin
  • Tetracycline
  • Chloramphenicol
SRS PRODUCTS ON BROAD SPECTRUM ANTIBIOTICS:

Active Ingrediant FormStrength Pack TypePacking Style
Amoxicillin + Bromhexine Capsules250mg + 4mg , 500mg + 8mgBlister10's
AmoxicillinSuspension125mgBottle60ml, 100ml
AmoxicillinCapsules250mg,500mgBlister10's
Amoxicillin + Clavulanate Potassium Tablets250mg + 125mg, 500mg + 125mg, 875mg + 125mgBlister10's, 6's
Amoxicillin + Clavulanate Potassium Injection1g + 200mg Vial20ml Vial
Amoxicillin + Clavulanate PotassiumDry Powder Suspension250mg + 62.5mgSachet10's
Amoxicillin + CloxacillinCapsules250mg + 250mgBlister 10's
Chloramphenicol Ophthalmic Solution1%Bottle5ml
ChloramphenicolInjection1gVial20ml Vial
Ciprofloxacin Tablet250mg, 500mgBlister10's
Ciprofloxacin LVP100 mg/mlFFS Bottle100ml
Ciprofloxacin Ophthalmic Solution0.30%Bottle5ml
Ciprofloxacin + Dexamethasone Ophthalmic Solution0.3% + 0.1%Bottle5ml
Ciprofloxacin + Tinidazole Tablets 500mg + 600mgBlister 10's
GatifloxacinTablets 200mg, 400mgBlister10's
Gatifloxacin Ophthalmic Solution0.30%Bottle5ml
Gatifloxacin + DexamethasoneOphthalmic Solution0.3% + 0.1%Bottle5ml
Levofloxacin Ophthalmic Solution0.50%Bottle5ml
LevofloxacinTablets250mg, 500mgBlister10's


Important: The drug information on this Web page is meant to be educational. It is not a substitute for medical advice. Please see your health care professional for more information about your specific medical condition and the use of the above mentioned drug.
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